KE0078 Keyes RFID-RC522射频模块 (焊盘孔) 红色 环保

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概述

Keyes RFID-RC522射频模块采用Philips MFRC522原装芯片设计读卡电路,使用方便,成本低廉,适用于设备开发、读卡器开发等高级应用的用户、需要进行射频卡终端设计/生产的用户。本模块可直接装入各种读卡器模具。模块采用电压为3.3V,通过SPI接口简单的几条线就可以直接与用户任何CPU主板或单片机相连接通信。模块自带4个定位孔,方便你将模块固定在其他设备。
KE0078.png

规格参数

  • 工作电压:DC 3.3V
  • 工作电流:13—26mA/DC 3.3V
  • 空闲电流:10-13mA/DC 3.3V
  • 休眠电流:<80uA
  • 峰值电流:<30mA
  • 工作频率:13.56MHz
  • 支持的卡类型:mifare1 S50、mifare1 S70、mifare UltraLight、mifare Pro、mifare Desfire
  • 数据传输速率:最大10Mbit/s


连接图

KE0078-1.png


测试代码

#include <SPI.h>
#define	uchar	unsigned char
#define	uint	unsigned int
#define MAX_LEN 16
const int chipSelectPin = 10;//if the controller is UNO,328,168
const int NRSTPD = 5;

//MF522command word
#define PCD_IDLE              0x00               //NO action; cancel current command
#define PCD_AUTHENT           0x0E               //verify key
#define PCD_RECEIVE           0x08               //receive data

#define PCD_TRANSMIT          0x04               //send data
#define PCD_TRANSCEIVE        0x0C               //receive and send data
#define PCD_RESETPHASE        0x0F               //reset
#define PCD_CALCCRC           0x03               //CRC calculation

//Mifare_One Card command word
#define PICC_REQIDL           0x26               // line-tracking area is dormant #define PICC_REQALL           0x52                     //line-tracking area is interfered
#define PICC_ANTICOLL         0x93               //Anti collision
#define PICC_SElECTTAG        0x93               //choose cards
#define PICC_AUTHENT1A        0x60               //Verify A key
#define PICC_AUTHENT1B        0x61               //Verify B key
#define PICC_READ             0x30               // Reader Module 
#define PICC_WRITE            0xA0               // letter block

#define PICC_DECREMENT        0xC0               
#define PICC_INCREMENT        0xC1               
#define PICC_RESTORE          0xC2               //Transfer data to buffer
#define PICC_TRANSFER         0xB0               //Save buffer data
#define PICC_HALT             0x50               //Dormancy


//MF522 Error code returned when communication
#define MI_OK                 0
#define MI_NOTAGERR           1
#define MI_ERR                2


//------------------MFRC522 Register---------------
//Page 0:Command and Status
#define     Reserved00            0x00    
#define     CommandReg            0x01    
#define     CommIEnReg            0x02    
#define     DivlEnReg             0x03    
#define     CommIrqReg            0x04    
#define     DivIrqReg             0x05
#define     ErrorReg              0x06    
#define     Status1Reg            0x07    
#define     Status2Reg            0x08    
#define     FIFODataReg           0x09
#define     FIFOLevelReg          0x0A

#define     WaterLevelReg         0x0B
#define     ControlReg            0x0C
#define     BitFramingReg         0x0D
#define     CollReg               0x0E
#define     Reserved01            0x0F
//Page 1:Command     
#define     Reserved10            0x10
#define     ModeReg               0x11
#define     TxModeReg             0x12
#define     RxModeReg             0x13
#define     TxControlReg          0x14
#define     TxAutoReg             0x15
#define     TxSelReg              0x16
#define     RxSelReg              0x17
#define     RxThresholdReg        0x18
#define     DemodReg              0x19

#define     Reserved11            0x1A
#define     Reserved12            0x1B
#define     MifareReg             0x1C
#define     Reserved13            0x1D
#define     Reserved14            0x1E
#define     SerialSpeedReg        0x1F
//Page 2:CFG    
#define     Reserved20            0x20  
#define     CRCResultRegM         0x21
#define     CRCResultRegL         0x22
#define     Reserved21            0x23
#define     ModWidthReg           0x24
#define     Reserved22            0x25
#define     RFCfgReg              0x26
#define     GsNReg                0x27
#define     CWGsPReg	          0x28
#define     ModGsPReg             0x29
#define     TModeReg              0x2A
#define     TPrescalerReg         0x2B
#define     TReloadRegH           0x2C
#define     TReloadRegL           0x2D
#define     TCounterValueRegH     0x2E
#define     TCounterValueRegL     0x2F
//Page 3:TestRegister     
#define     Reserved30            0x30

#define     TestSel1Reg           0x31
#define     TestSel2Reg           0x32
#define     TestPinEnReg          0x33
#define     TestPinValueReg       0x34
#define     TestBusReg            0x35
#define     AutoTestReg           0x36
#define     VersionReg            0x37
#define     AnalogTestReg         0x38
#define     TestDAC1Reg           0x39  
#define     TestDAC2Reg           0x3A   
#define     TestADCReg            0x3B   
#define     Reserved31            0x3C   
#define     Reserved32            0x3D   
#define     Reserved33            0x3E   
#define     Reserved34			  0x3F
uchar serNum[5];
uchar  writeDate[16] ={'T', 'e', 'n', 'g', ' ', 'B', 'o', 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,0};

uchar sectorKeyA[16][16] = {{0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF},
                             {0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF},
                             {0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF},
                            };
 uchar sectorNewKeyA[16][16] = {{0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF},
                                {0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xff,0x07,0x80,0x69, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF},
                                {0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xff,0x07,0x80,0x69, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF},
                               };

void setup() {                
   Serial.begin(9600);                       // RFID reader SOUT pin connected to Serial RX pin at 2400bps 
 // start the SPI library:
  SPI.begin();

  pinMode(chipSelectPin,OUTPUT);             // Set digital pin 10 as OUTPUT to connect it to the RFID /ENABLE pin 
    digitalWrite(chipSelectPin, LOW);          // Activate the RFID reader
  pinMode(NRSTPD,OUTPUT);               // Set digital pin 10 , Not Reset and Power-down
digitalWrite(NRSTPD, HIGH);


  MFRC522_Init();  
}

void loop()
{
	uchar i,tmp;
	uchar status;
        uchar str[MAX_LEN];
        uchar RC_size;
        uchar blockAddr;	//Select the address of the operation 0~63


		// searching card, return card type	
		status = MFRC522_Request(PICC_REQIDL, str);	
		if (status == MI_OK)
		{
		}

		
		status = MFRC522_Anticoll(str);
		memcpy(serNum, str, 5);
		if (status == MI_OK)
		{
                        Serial.println("The card's number is  : ");
			Serial.print(serNum[0],BIN);
			Serial.print(serNum[1],BIN);
			Serial.print(serNum[2],BIN);
			Serial.print(serNum[3],BIN);
			Serial.print(serNum[4],BIN);
                        Serial.println("");
		}

		// select card, return card capacity
		RC_size = MFRC522_SelectTag(serNum);
		if (RC_size != 0)
		{}

		// write data card
		blockAddr = 7;		// data block 7		
		status = MFRC522_Auth(PICC_AUTHENT1A, blockAddr, sectorKeyA[blockAddr/4], serNum);	// authentication 
		if (status == MI_OK)

		{
			// write data
			status = MFRC522_Write(blockAddr, sectorNewKeyA[blockAddr/4]);
                        Serial.print("set the new card password, and can modify the data of the Sector: ");
                        Serial.print(blockAddr/4,DEC);

                        // write data
                        blockAddr = blockAddr - 3 ; 
                        status = MFRC522_Write(blockAddr, writeDate);
                        if(status == MI_OK)
                        {
                           Serial.println("OK!");
                        }
		}

		// read card
		blockAddr = 7;		// data block 7		
		status = MFRC522_Auth(PICC_AUTHENT1A, blockAddr, 

sectorNewKeyA[blockAddr/4], serNum);	// authentication 
		if (status == MI_OK)
		{
			// read data
                        blockAddr = blockAddr - 3 ; 
                        status = MFRC522_Read(blockAddr, str);
			if (status == MI_OK)
			{
                                Serial.println("Read from the card ,the data is : ");
				for (i=0; i<16; i++)
				{
			      Serial.print(str[i]);
				}
                                Serial.println("");
			}
		}
                Serial.println("");
		MFRC522_Halt();			// command card into sleeping mode              

}

void Write_MFRC522(uchar addr, uchar val)

{
	digitalWrite(chipSelectPin, LOW);

	SPI.transfer((addr<<1)&0x7E);	
	SPI.transfer(val);
	
	digitalWrite(chipSelectPin, HIGH);
}


uchar Read_MFRC522(uchar addr)
{
	uchar val;

	digitalWrite(chipSelectPin, LOW);

	//address format: 1XXXXXX0
	SPI.transfer(((addr<<1)&0x7E) | 0x80);	
	val =SPI.transfer(0x00);
	

	digitalWrite(chipSelectPin, HIGH);
	
	return val;	
}


void SetBitMask(uchar reg, uchar mask)  
{
    uchar tmp;
    tmp = Read_MFRC522(reg);
    Write_MFRC522(reg, tmp | mask);  // set bit mask
}



void ClearBitMask(uchar reg, uchar mask)  
{
    uchar tmp;
    tmp = Read_MFRC522(reg);
    Write_MFRC522(reg, tmp & (~mask));  // clear bit mask
} 

void AntennaOn(void)
{
	uchar temp;

	temp = Read_MFRC522(TxControlReg);
	if (!(temp & 0x03))
	{
		SetBitMask(TxControlReg, 0x03);
	}
}

void AntennaOff(void)
{
	ClearBitMask(TxControlReg, 0x03);
}

void MFRC522_Reset(void)
{

    Write_MFRC522(CommandReg, PCD_RESETPHASE);
}

void MFRC522_Init(void)
{
	digitalWrite(NRSTPD,HIGH);

	MFRC522_Reset();
		
	//Timer: TPrescaler*TreloadVal/6.78MHz = 24ms
    Write_MFRC522(TModeReg, 0x8D);		//Tauto=1; f(Timer) = 6.78MHz/TPreScaler
    Write_MFRC522(TPrescalerReg, 0x3E);	//TModeReg[3..0] + TPrescalerReg
    Write_MFRC522(TReloadRegL, 30);           
    Write_MFRC522(TReloadRegH, 0);
	
	Write_MFRC522(TxAutoReg, 0x40);		//100%ASK
	Write_MFRC522(ModeReg, 0x3D);		//CRC original value 0x6363	???

	AntennaOn();		// open antenna 
}
uchar MFRC522_Request(uchar reqMode, uchar *TagType)
{
	uchar status;  

	uint backBits;			// bits of data received
	Write_MFRC522(BitFramingReg, 0x07);		//TxLastBists = BitFramingReg[2..0]	???
	
	TagType[0] = reqMode;
	status = MFRC522_ToCard(PCD_TRANSCEIVE, TagType, 1, TagType, &backBits);

	if ((status != MI_OK) || (backBits != 0x10))
	{    
		status = MI_ERR;
	}

	return status;
}

uchar MFRC522_ToCard(uchar command, uchar *sendData, uchar sendLen, uchar *backData, uint *backLen)
{
    uchar status = MI_ERR;
uchar irqEn = 0x00;

    uchar waitIRq = 0x00;
    uchar lastBits;
    uchar n;
    uint i;

    switch (command)
    {
        case PCD_AUTHENT:		// card key authentication 
		{
			irqEn = 0x12;
			waitIRq = 0x10;
			break;
		}
		case PCD_TRANSCEIVE:	// send data in FIFO
		{
			irqEn = 0x77;
			waitIRq = 0x30;
			break;
		}
		default:
			break;
    }

    Write_MFRC522(CommIEnReg, irqEn|0x80);	// permission for interrupt request
    ClearBitMask(CommIrqReg, 0x80);			// clear all bits of the interrupt request 
    SetBitMask(FIFOLevelReg, 0x80);			//FlushBuffer=1, FIFO initialize

	Write_MFRC522(CommandReg, PCD_IDLE);	//NO action; clear current command	???

	// write data into FIFO
    for (i=0; i<sendLen; i++)
    {   
		Write_MFRC522(FIFODataReg, sendData[i]);    
	}

	// execute command 
	Write_MFRC522(CommandReg, command);
    if (command == PCD_TRANSCEIVE)
    {    
		SetBitMask(BitFramingReg, 0x80);		//StartSend=1,transmission of data starts  
	}   


	// wait for the completion of data transmission
	i = 2000;	// adjust i according to clock frequency, max wait time for M1 card operation 25ms	???
    do 
    {
		//CommIrqReg[7..0]
		//Set1 TxIRq RxIRq IdleIRq HiAlerIRq LoAlertIRq ErrIRq TimerIRq
        n = Read_MFRC522(CommIrqReg);
        i--;
    }
    while ((i!=0) && !(n&0x01) && !(n&waitIRq));

    ClearBitMask(BitFramingReg, 0x80);			//StartSend=0
	
    if (i != 0)
    {    
        if(!(Read_MFRC522(ErrorReg) & 0x1B))	//BufferOvfl Collerr CRCErr ProtecolErr
        {
            status = MI_OK;
            if (n & irqEn & 0x01)
            {   
				status = MI_NOTAGERR;			//??   

			}

            if (command == PCD_TRANSCEIVE)
            {
	n = Read_MFRC522(FIFOLevelReg);
	lastBits = Read_MFRC522(ControlReg) & 0x07;
                if (lastBits)
                {   
					*backLen = (n-1)*8 + lastBits;   
				}
                else
                {   
					*backLen = n*8;   
				}

                if (n == 0)
                {   
					n = 1;    
				}
                if (n > MAX_LEN)

                {   
					n = MAX_LEN;   
				}
				
				// read the data received in FIFO
                for (i=0; i<n; i++)
                {   
					backData[i] = Read_MFRC522(FIFODataReg);    
				}
            }
        }
        else
        {   
			status = MI_ERR;  
		}

    }
	
    //SetBitMask(ControlReg,0x80);           //timer stops
    //Write_MFRC522(CommandReg, PCD_IDLE); 


    return status;
}

uchar MFRC522_Anticoll(uchar *serNum)
{
    uchar status;
    uchar i;
	uchar serNumCheck=0;
    uint unLen;

	Write_MFRC522(BitFramingReg, 0x00);		//TxLastBists = BitFramingReg[2..0]

    serNum[0] = PICC_ANTICOLL;
    serNum[1] = 0x20;
    status = MFRC522_ToCard(PCD_TRANSCEIVE, serNum, 2, serNum, &unLen);

    if (status == MI_OK)
	{
		// verify card sequence number
		for (i=0; i<4; i++)
		{   

			serNumCheck ^= serNum[i];
		}
		if (serNumCheck != serNum[i])
		{   
			status = MI_ERR;    
		}
    }

    //SetBitMask(CollReg, 0x80);		//ValuesAfterColl=1

    return status;
} 

void CalulateCRC(uchar *pIndata, uchar len, uchar *pOutData)
{
    uchar i, n;

    ClearBitMask(DivIrqReg, 0x04);			//CRCIrq = 0
    SetBitMask(FIFOLevelReg, 0x80);			// clear FIFO pointer
    //Write_MFRC522(CommandReg, PCD_IDLE);

	// write data into FIFO	
    for (i=0; i<len; i++)
    {   
		Write_MFRC522(FIFODataReg, *(pIndata+i));   
	}
    Write_MFRC522(CommandReg, PCD_CALCCRC);

	// wait for completion of CRC calculation 
    i = 0xFF;
    do 
    {
        n = Read_MFRC522(DivIrqReg);
        i--;
    }
    while ((i!=0) && !(n&0x04));			//CRCIrq = 1

	// read result from CRC calculation
    pOutData[0] = Read_MFRC522(CRCResultRegL);
    pOutData[1] = Read_MFRC522(CRCResultRegM);
}


uchar MFRC522_SelectTag(uchar *serNum)
{
    uchar i;
	uchar status;
	uchar size;
    uint recvBits;
    uchar buffer[9]; 

	//ClearBitMask(Status2Reg, 0x08);			//MFCrypto1On=0

    buffer[0] = PICC_SElECTTAG;
    buffer[1] = 0x70;
    for (i=0; i<5; i++)
    {
	buffer[i+2] = *(serNum+i);
    }
	CalulateCRC(buffer, 7, &buffer[7]);		//??
    status = MFRC522_ToCard(PCD_TRANSCEIVE, buffer, 9, buffer, &recvBits);

if ((status == MI_OK) && (recvBits == 0x18))

    {   
		size = buffer[0]; 
	}
    else
    {   
		size = 0;    
	}

    return size;
}

uchar MFRC522_Auth(uchar authMode, uchar BlockAddr, uchar *Sectorkey, uchar *serNum)
{
    uchar status;
    uint recvBits;
    uchar i;
	uchar buff[12]; 

	// Verification instructions + block address + sector password + card sequence number
    buff[0] = authMode;
    buff[1] = BlockAddr;
for (i=0; i<6; i++)

    {    
		buff[i+2] = *(Sectorkey+i);   
	}
    for (i=0; i<4; i++)
    {    
		buff[i+8] = *(serNum+i);   
	}
    status = MFRC522_ToCard(PCD_AUTHENT, buff, 12, buff, &recvBits);

    if ((status != MI_OK) || (!(Read_MFRC522(Status2Reg) & 0x08)))
    {   
		status = MI_ERR;   
	}

    return status;
}

uchar MFRC522_Read(uchar blockAddr, uchar *recvData)
{

    uchar status;
    uint unLen;

    recvData[0] = PICC_READ;
    recvData[1] = blockAddr;
    CalulateCRC(recvData,2, &recvData[2]);
    status = MFRC522_ToCard(PCD_TRANSCEIVE, recvData, 4, recvData, &unLen);

    if ((status != MI_OK) || (unLen != 0x90))
    {
        status = MI_ERR;
    }

    return status;
}

uchar MFRC522_Write(uchar blockAddr, uchar *writeData)
{
    uchar status;
    uint recvBits;
    uchar i;
	uchar buff[18]; 


    buff[0] = PICC_WRITE;
    buff[1] = blockAddr;
    CalulateCRC(buff, 2, &buff[2]);
    status = MFRC522_ToCard(PCD_TRANSCEIVE, buff, 4, buff, &recvBits);

    if ((status != MI_OK) || (recvBits != 4) || ((buff[0] & 0x0F) != 0x0A))
    {   
		status = MI_ERR;   
	}

    if (status == MI_OK)
    {
        for (i=0; i<16; i++)		// write 16Byte data into FIFO
        {    
	buff[i] = *(writeData+i);   
        }
        CalulateCRC(buff, 16, &buff[16]);
        status = MFRC522_ToCard(PCD_TRANSCEIVE, buff, 18, buff, &recvBits);

		if ((status != MI_OK) || (recvBits != 4) || ((buff[0] & 0x0F) != 0x0A))
        {   
			status = MI_ERR;   
		}
    }

    return status;
}

void MFRC522_Halt(void)
{
	uchar status;
    uint unLen;
    uchar buff[4]; 

    buff[0] = PICC_HALT;
    buff[1] = 0;
    CalulateCRC(buff, 2, &buff[2]);

    status = MFRC522_ToCard(PCD_TRANSCEIVE, buff, 4, buff,&unLen);
}

测试结果

按照上图接好线,烧录好代码,上电后,将S50复旦卡靠近模块感应区,打开串口监视器,显示如下图。
KE0078-2.png


相关库文件链接

http://url.cn/4AQT5ds